There is concern in India about being way behind China in patent applications. India had 35,000 applications filed last year at the Indian Patent Office, while China has 245,000 filed with the State Intellectual Property Office of China (SIPO).
I'm interested in better understanding the reasons for the differences. Patent filings don't necessarily reflect the level of innovation. Costs, perceived value of patents, patent enforcement, and culture are all factors. India is highly innovative in areas that are difficult to patent, at least in India, such as software and Web design. China is renowned for innovation in areas where patents are more useful. Does that account for some of the difference?
Cultural attitudes may play a big role as well. Expert opinions?